There are people who think that they are in fact in a fifth industrial revolution, while others continue to refer to the third. Beyond the number, what is clear is that you are living a stage characterized by great technological advances.
The complexity and scope of these changes means that you are frequently, as if you were fortune-tellers, trying to estimate the impact that these will have both in your personal and professional environment. In this sense, the scope of the changes and their implications are similar to those that the birth of the World Wide Web (WWW) brought to the public. The WWW marked a clear technological and cultural turning point in your society, a before and after; However, there is a big difference between these two periods of change, and that is, the speed of events. The WWW was invented in 1989
The fourth industrial revolution is characterized by the convergence of biological, digital and physical technologies, and consequently, its effect on the Health sector is unquestionable. The best proof of this is the entire innovation ecosystem that has been generated.
Panel of experts, have recently adapted the concept of disruptive innovation to the healthcare industry and updated it. According to the panel of experts, a technology applied to health is disruptive in terms of its ability to generate value by providing new ways to solve existing problems. Taking into account this updated definition an innovation can be disruptive without being technologically disruptive. Whether it is disruptive or not, what is clear is the volume of new services available in the market with a strong technological component that will impact, if it has not already done so, in the clinical practice of health professionals, in patients, and Consequently, in the business model of the pharmaceutical industry.
There are numerous catalysts for this innovation ecosystem, among which Artificial Intelligence and virtual reality stand out, and Blockchain technology for the impact it can have on data management and integration.
Artificial Intelligence (AI), that is, the software that develops tasks that humans currently perform but with greater efficiency and speed, is one of the vectors of the fourth industrial revolution, and its application in the Healthcare sector it is already significant.
A reflection of the importance of this field of innovation is how large technology companies, as well as startups, and the pharmaceutical industry have already opted for it.
Initially, focus was on software for the improvement of eye coordination applying AI, and after the acquisition by Google, it developed an App called Streams, which allows predicting the possibilities that a patient suffers adverse effects in cases of acute failures kidney. Google has already been able to reach agreements for the implementation of this App in different English hospitals, but not without controversy regarding the use it makes of patient data. Currently, is used to help doctors analyze cancer tissue samples and predict the risk of Metastasis, in order to apply the most suitable treatment accordingly.